One year ago schoolgirl Malala Yousafzai was shot in the head by Taliban gunmen - her "crime", to have spoken up for the sunderland escort of girls to be educated. The world reacted in horror, but after weeks in intensive care Malala survived. Her full story can now be told. She is the teenager who marked her 16th birthday with a live address from UN headquarters, is known around the world by her first name alone, and has been lauded by a former British prime minister as "an icon of courage and hope".
She is also a Birmingham schoolgirl trying to settle into a new class, worrying about homework and reading lists, missing friends from her tirly school, and squabbling with her two younger brothers. She is Malala Yousafzai, whose life was forever changed at age 15 by a Taliban bullet on 9 October I have travelled to her home town in Pakistan, seen the school that moulded her, met the doctors colfax nc housewives personals treated her and spent time with her and her family, for one reason beeb to answer the same question barked by the gunman who flagged down her school bus last October: "Who is Malala?
The Swat Valley once took pride in being called "the Switzerland of Pakistan". It's a mountainous place, cool in summer and snowy in winter, lioking easy reach of the capital, Islamabad. And when Malala was born in it was still peaceful.
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Just a few hours' driving from Islamabad brings you to the foot of the Malakand pass, the gateway to the valley. The winding road up to the pass leaves the plains of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, formerly known as the North-West Frontier Province, far below. I remember it well from childhood holidays in Pakistan.
But my latest trip felt very different toronto bbw escort the BBC crew made the journey with a military escort. Although the Pakistan army retook control of Swat from the Taliban in and it is arguably now safer for foreigners than some other areas, the military clearly didn't want to take any chances. Historically, the north-west has been one of Pakistan's least developed regions.
But Swat, interestingly, has long been a bright spot in terms of education. Untilit was a semi-autonomous principality - its ruler known as the Wali. Although himself uneducated, he laid the foundation for a network of schools in the valley - the first boys' primary school came infollowed within a few years by the first girls' school. Within a few months, he had presented the schoolgirls of Swat to the visiting prime minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan, and his wife Raana. As his grandson Miangul Adnan Aurangzeb says: "It would have been unusual anywhere else in the [North-West] Frontier at that time, but in Swat girls were female escorts oregon to school.
The new Wali's focus soon turned to high schools and colleges, including Jahanzeb College, founded inwhere Malala's father, Ziauddin Yousafzai, would study many years later. Soon, Swat ffor known across Pakistan for the of professionals it was producing - especially doctors and teachers.
As Adnan Aurangzeb says, "Swat was proud of its record on education… one way to identify a Swati outside of Swat was that he always had a pen in his chest pocket, and escorts in chile meant he was literate. Against this backdrop, the fate that befell the schools of Swat in the first years of the 21st Century is particularly tragic.
By the time Malala was born, her father had realised his dream of founding his yluve school, which began with just a few pupils and mushroomed into an establishment educating more than 1, girls and boys.
It is clear that her absence is keenly felt. Outside the door of her old classroom is a framed newspaper cutting about her. Inside, her best friend Moniba has written the name "Malala" on a chair placed in the front row. This was Malala's world - not one of wealth or privilege but an atmosphere dominated by learning.
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And she flourished. In that, she wasn't alone. And from the moment I walk in, I understand what she means. Their focus and attention is absolute, their aspirations sky-high.
The lesson under way is biology, and as it ends I have a few moments to ask the girls about their future plans - many want to be doctors. One girl's answer stops me in my tracks: "I'd like to be Pakistan's army chief one day. Part of the reason lafayette bbw escort this drive to succeed is that only white-collar, professional jobs will allow these girls a life outside their homes.
While poorly educated boys can hope to find low-skilled work, their female counterparts will find their earning power restricted to what they can do within the four walls of their home - sewing perhaps.
But for me it was hard and for that reason I wanted to become educated and empower myself with knowledge. Like other parts of north-west Pakistan, Swat had always been a devout and conservative region, but what was happening by was very different - radio escort in coventry threatening Sharia-style punishments for those who departed from local Muslim traditions, and most ominously, edicts against education.
The worst period came at the end ofwhen the local Taliban leader, Mullah Fazlullah, issued a dire warning - all female education had to cease within a month, or schools would suffer consequences. Malala remembers the moment well: "'How can they stop us going to school? But Ziauddin Yousafzai and his friend Ahmad Shah, who ran another school nearby, had to recognise it as a real possibility.
The Taliban had always followed through on their threats. The two men discussed the situation with local army commanders. She knew that her way of life was under threat. When a journalist from BBC Urdu asked her father about young people who might live babe show willing to give their perspective on life under the Taliban, he suggested Malala.
The result was the Diary of a Pakistani Schoolgirla blog for BBC Urdu, in which Malala chronicled her hope to keep going to school and her fears for wha future of Swat. I didn't looking for the specail one to see my life in that way. The blog was anonymous, but Malala was also unafraid to speak out in public about the right to education, as she did in February to the Pakistani television presenter Hamid Mir, who brought his show to Swat.
At that time it was Youvee Yousafzai, Malala's father, who was wwhat to be at the greatest risk. Already known as a social and educational activist, he had sensed that the Taliban would move from the tribal areas of Pakistan whzt Swat, and had often warned people to be on their guard. Malala herself was concerned for him.
We'll hide my father in a cupboard and call the police. No-one thought the Taliban would target. There were however notorious incidents where they had chosen to make an example of women. In earlya dancer was accused of immorality and executed, her body put on public display in the centre of Mingora.
Soon afterwards, there was outrage across Pakistan wwhat a video emerged from Swat showing the Taliban flogging a year-old girl for alleged "illicit relations" with a man. Ziauddin Yousafzai must have known that Malala's high profile kays escorts the valley put her at some risk, even though he could not have foreseen the outcome. By the time Malala was shot inthe worst days of Taliban power in Wyat had receded. A high-profile military operation had cleared out most militants but others had stayed behind, keeping a low profile.
On the afternoon of 9 October, she walked out of school as normal and gloucester escort boy a small bus waiting outside the gates.
These vehicles are seen everywhere in Gatwick escort - a little like covered pickup trucks, open at the back, with three lines of looking for preston texans running the length of the flatbed. Each could carry about 20 people and would be waiting to take the girls and their teachers home at the end of the school day.
In Malala's case, it was only a short journey, past a small clearing where children played cricket, and along the canal bank to her house. Once she had walked, but then her mother, Tor Pekai, intervened. That day, she was in the middle of her exams, and had a lot on her mind. But there was still the usual after-school chat and gossip to share with Moniba, who was sitting next to her.
But as the bus progressed along its route Malala says she did notice something unusual - the road seemed deserted. Can you see it's not like it usually is? Moments later, the bus was flagged down by two young men as it passed a clearing, only yards from the school gates. Malala doesn't recall seeing them but Moniba shemail escort randwick. To her they looked like college students.
Then she heard one ask: "Who is Malala? But she quickly grasped that Malala had sensed danger. The girls looked at Malala, thereby innocently identifying her.
Moniba says the bus remained there for 10 minutes, before anyone came to the aid of the panic-stricken women and children. When they reached hospital, it was assumed all four girls were wounded, because Moniba's clothing was drenched in her friend's blood. News of the shooting spread quickly. Malala's father was at the Press Club when a phone call came to tell him one of his school buses had been attacked.
Lookinv feared at once that it was Malala who had been targeted. He found her on a stretcher in the hospital. I am proud of you. Malala had been shot in the loiking and it was clear to everyone, including the Pakistan army, that her life was in danger. A helicopter was scrambled to airlift her to the military hospital in Peshawar - a journey that would eventually take her not just away from Swat but away from Pakistan.
The Combined Military Hospital in Peshawar is the best medical facility in the region, treating not just military personnel but their families too. As he flew in with Malala, Ziauddin Yousafzai was braced malay escorts in wagga wagga the worst, telling relatives at his family home in rural Swat to make preparations for a funeral.
From the helipad, Malala was brought in by ambulance and placed in the care of neurosurgeon Col Junaid Khan.
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The entry wound of the bullet was above her left brow. From there it had travelled down through her neck and lodged in her back. Malala was treated as a severe head injury case and placed under observation. After four hours, she deteriorated visibly, slipping towards unconsciousness.
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A scan revealed a life-threatening situation - her brain was swelling dangerously and she would need immediate surgery. The person yoyve be paralysed afterwards. Nevertheless, he told Malala's father that surgery was vital to save her life - a portion of her bren had to be removed to relieve pressure on the brain. The procedure began with shaving part of Malala's hair, and then cutting away the bone, before placing the portion of removed skull inside her abdomen in case it could be later replaced.
Blood clots and damaged tissue were extracted from inside the brain. Before that day, Khan says, he had never heard the name Malala Yousafzai, but he was soon left in no doubt that he was treating a high-profile patient. Camera crews besieged the hospital compound as a tide of shock and revulsion spread through Pakistan.